In any boat, it is imperative for all the crew to know how to avoid accidents and what to do if anything goes wrong. Most may not be as experienced as you in what can go wrong on a boat. Without knowledge there is no threat, without that threat we just do not know that we should hold on now as that speedboat passes us!
Everyone will have a personal harness & lifejacket allocated. These may be one item together i.e. the harness may be integrated into the lifejacket. Adjust yours to fit now and stow it with your gear. These must ALWAYS be worn in the following circumstances
When unclipping to clip on a different point it is best to have a 3-way safety line (clip on before clipping off) but if not, always follow your safety/life line from your lifejacket to the clip on point and then unclip. This will prevent you from accidentally unclipping someone else's. When entering the cabin, unclip your safety/life line from your harness side only once you safely inside. Remember always to clip on before leaving the cabin. When on deck, use the D clips, the jackstays or shrouds (point these out). NEVER use the guardrails or stanchions. Unclip when your centre of gravity is low and holding on. In heavy weather, consider putting two lines on if you have to go forward on deck.
Locate all fire extinguishers and read the instructions to all crew. There will be no time to read them if there is a fire. How do we get to them from deck?
Locate all flares. Ensure that the crew know what to use, when and how, even in the dark. Get them to feel for the shooting end and the holding end. Eyes closed? · Red - used in an emergency situation for position indicating……… Orange Smoke - daylight emergency & pinpointing position · White - used to prevent collision at sea e.g. in a fog . Ensure that the crew know how to operate the EPIRB and the location. How does it unclip? Eyes closed?
The radio is used to keep in contact with other vessels, the shore and is the best way to get help. It must be used by a licensed radio operator or under the supervision of a licensed radio operator. As long as there is 1 license holder on board, anyone can use the radio. It is imperative to adhere to the correct radio etiquette. Is there Digital Selective Calling, if yes what is the system for activating MAYDAY? Is the GPS connected and switched on? Ensure that all crew can locate the mayday instructions and remember to change to CH16, 25 watts full power. Keep on calling until reply or help
Ensure that the crew all know where the kit is. Who are the trained first aiders on board?
Ensure that the crew all know where the MOB gear is located & how to use it, especially lifting strops and how to connect to halyards/boom etc Ensure the crew all know how to operate the MOB button on the GPS and SRC Distress button. It is important for all crew to be able to perform a MOB rescue. Have a bit of fun practising (with a fender and a bucket or line!) at a convenient time during the day under engine then progress to under sail.
Know where it is stowed and how to launch it. Inform all crew if a grab bag has been prepared and stow within easy reach. Only abandon to the liferaft if the boat is sinking or on fire. THE LIFERAFT IS A DANGEROUS PLACE TO BE. Step up to the liferaft, not down into it!
Show all crew how to operate. Ensure everyone knows how to operate the seacocks, holding tanks, environmental laws of emptying tanks (usually 3M off shore) etc. Usage etiquette - when toilets are available on shore, use them. Use onboard heads overnight. Only bodily waste to go down. Vomit to go overboard or in a bucket. Any other items to be disposed of with the garbage.
No garbage is to be disposed of in the sea. Waste food may be discarded usually 3M off shore but poorly degrading skins or peels must be retained for disposal on shore. Prevent any discharge of oil, fuel or any harmful substance into the sea.
Everyone needs to know how to start the engine BUT. BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE always
The bilge pumps are not only used in an emergency. All crew need to know where they are positioned on board, how to operate and clear any blockages. Could we pump for hours on end?
How low is the boom? Watch this for accidental gybing during downwind sailing particularly, but watch out for it at ALL TIMES. Most times, it is the main sheet that catches you; beware of the 'arc' of travel of the mainsheet. Fingers can receive rope burns as a minimum grabbing for the sheet! Can you rig a boom preventor?
All crew must know how to operate the sails. Reefing is essential for comfortable sailing to help prevent excessive heeling but reefing may be essential for crew and boat safety if the wind and weather conditions deteriorate. Hove-to is sometimes a stable position to reef the main.
Ensure that all crew know how to operate the roller furling jib and Mainsail furling, if you have them.
Keep fingers away from winch, 'feed the horse flat hand', and always pull away from the winch when taking turns on it.
This is not often needed, but in a hurry can be a saviour if engine fails at the wrong moment in shallow water but everyone must know how to release it.
Try to be sick downwind to prevent it blowing back in your face or on to other crewmembers. Do not worry too much about getting to the guardrail particularly in bad weather or if the boat is heeling. Remember that the boat is made of material that is rather tough and it can be cleaned. A bucket of seawater will work wonders in washing down. Allocate a crewmember to look after them and if need be usually against their wishes get them below. Consider clipping them on. Get them helming.
It is imperative that all crew have a good time and enjoy themselves. We are all here to have fun.
If you know that you suffer from seasickness, take preventative measures in plenty of time or inform the skipper. Seasick tablets e.g. Stugeron need to be taken at least 2 hours before departure to work effectively. If you do start to feel seasick, please inform someone and let the skipper know. Try to keep busy and try to stay on deck - fresh air and a view of the horizon can help and the boat motion often feels exaggerated below deck. If you are very seasick, you may need to go to your cabin. Remove your wet weather gear (someone may be helping you at this point!), dry off, lie down and keep warm. Remember to take a bucket. Do not try to be brave and try to be sick over the side by leaning out, just turn away. It is easier to clean up sick than MOB.
If you suffer from any medical condition, please inform the skipper. Skippers do not forget to inform one of your crew if you are on medication etc.